Yáng Lìhuā (1944 nián---), shì Táiwān Yílán rén, tā cóngxiǎo zài Yílán de Gēzǎixì bān lǐ zhǎngdà, sānsuì shí jiù kāishǐ shàngtái yǎnchū. Tā māmā cháng shì nǚbàn nánzhuāng fǎnchuàn yǎn xiǎoshēng, Yáng Lìhuā cóngxiǎo ěrrú mùrǎn, yě duì fǎnchuàn yǎn xiǎoshēng tèbié náshǒu. Tāde xiǎoshēng bànxiàng jùnměi, yīnsè húnhòu, mídǎo le bùshǎo nǚ fěnsī. Ér Yáng Lìhuā de nǚbàn nánzhuāng, zhè búdàn shì tāde yǎnchū tèsè, yěshì Táiwān Gēzǎixì de zhǔyào tèsè zhīyī.
Yáng Lìhuā zài 1950 niándài-1960 niándài jiù chéngle yuǎnjìn chímíng de Gēzǎixì yětáixì yǎnyuán, tā yěshì Táiwān “diàntái Gēzǎixì” ,”diànshì Gēzǎixì” de chuàngshǐ zhě. Tā yú 1970 niándài suǒ zǔchéng de “Táishì Gēzǎixì tuán“ bùjǐn ràng Gēzǎixì néng zài diànshì xīn méitǐ déyǐ liúchuán, tā yěshì ràng Gēzǎixì shēngmíng yuǎnbò hǎinèiwài de línghún rénwù.
Huíxiǎng dāngnián Yáng Lìhuā zài diànshìtái lù “Xuē Píngguì hé Wáng Bǎochuān” shí, chāoguò wǔshí de gāo shōushì lǜ, zhēnshi pòle Táiwān diànshì shǐ de shōushì jìlù; nàshí měicì lùwán yǐng yǐhòu, Yáng Lìhuā zǒngshì yào jǐguò céngcéng de fěnsī rénqiáng, cáinéng líkāi diànshìtái, qízhōng hái bāokuò xǐ'ài tāde jiātíng zhǔfù hé pópo māmā men.
Yáng Lìhuā biǎoshì, tā yǎn Gēzǎixì yǎnle sìshí duō nián, quánshìguò hǎojǐbǎi ge lìshǐ rénwù, suīrán tā zhǐyǒu niàndào xiǎoxué sānniánjí, dànshì yīnwèi tā yǎn de duōshì zhōngxiào jiéyì de lìshǐ gùshì, suǒyǐ tā zài xìlǐ xuéle bùshǎo de zuòrén de dàolǐ, ér tā suǒ zuì zhēnshì de jiùshì “qíngyì” liǎng ge zì.
Yang Lihua (1944 ---), was born in Taiwan's Yilan county, and she grew up in a Taiwanese opera troupe in Yilan. Ever since she was 3 years old she has been performing on stage. Her mother often performed gender switched roles as young male characters. Yang Li-hua was quite influenced by this, and is particularly good at performing the young male roles. While performing young male roles her handsome appearance and loud and clear singing have captured the hearts of many female fans. Her distinguished performance of gender switched young male character roles is not only a characteristic of her own performance, but is also one of the special features of Taiwanese Opera.
In the 1950s to 1960s, Yang Lihua became a renowned performer in outdoor open air performances of Taiwanese opera. In Taiwan, she is also the founder of "Radio Taiwanese opera," and "TV Taiwanese opera." In the 1970s, she organized the "Taiwan TV station Taiwanese Opera troupe" which helped spread Taiwanese Opera through the new medium of television. She is also a key figure who has made Taiwanese Opera more well-known both domestically and overseas.
It is recalled that when Yang Lihua was doing the TV performance of the "Xue Pinggui and Wang Baochuan" play the audience viewing rating was above 50, which easily broke ratings records in Taiwan’s television history. At that time, when she was finished her work at the TV station she often needed to squeeze through layers of wall-to-wall fans in order to leave the TV station. Her fans, including mothers, housewives, and elder women, loved her so much!
Yang Lihua remarked that she has been performing Taiwanese Opera for over 40 years and has acted and interpreted several hundred historical figures. Although her formal education is only up to the third grade, because she performed many historical stories of loyalty, filial piety, integrity, moral courage and the virtues of brotherhood, she learned a lot about the truths and principles of being a human being. What she cherished the most is the two words "Qingyi: ties of friendship, comradeship. "
|2||歌仔戲班 (歌仔戲團)||歌仔戏班 (歌仔戏团)||Gēzǎixì bān (Gēzǎixì tuán)||Taiwanese Opera troupe|
|3||反串||反串||fǎnchuàn||gender switching (in acting)|
|4||耳濡目染||耳濡目染||ěrrú mùrǎn||be imperceptibly influenced by what one constantly sees and hears|
|5||拿手||拿手||náshǒu||expert; good at|
|6||扮相俊美||扮相俊美||bànxiàng jùnměi||look great (referring to the appearance of an actor or actress in costume and makeup)|
|7||音色渾厚||音色浑厚||yīnsè húnhòu||loud, clear and perfect singing|
|8||迷倒||迷倒||mídǎo||captured the hearts of others|
|10||遠近馳名||远近驰名||yuǎnjìn chímíng||well-known, famous, renowned|
|12||創始者||创始者||chuàngshǐ zhě||founder, establisher|
|14||聲名遠播||声名远播||shēngmíng yuǎnbò||good reputation is spreading out|
|15||海內外||海内外||hǎinèiwài||domestic and overseas|
|16||靈魂人物||灵魂人物||Línghún rénwù||key and important figure|
|17||收視率||收视率||shōushì lǜ||viewership rating (for a TV program)|
|18||詮釋||诠释||quánshì||act out and interpreting (in acting), explanation note, annotation|
|20||情義 (人情與義理)||情乂 (人情与义理)||qíngyì (rénqíng yǔ yìlǐ)||ties of friendship, comradeship|
Part I: Multiple Choice 選擇題
Yang Lihua grew up in what kind of family?
Yang Lihua performed several hundred historical figures for what kind of stories?
What are the two words which Yang Lihua valued the most?
Part II: True or False 是非題
Yang Lihua performed on stage since she was 8 years old.
Her handsome appearance in acting as a young male role and her loud, clear and perfect singing have captured many female fans’ hearts.
The fans of Yang Liuhua include housewives, elder women and mothers.
Yang Lihua was well-known as an open air Taiwanese performer as early as the 1980s.
Part III: Fill in the Blank 填空題
她媽媽常是_______, 楊麗花從小耳濡目染, 也對反串演小生特別拿手。
她妈妈常是_______, 杨丽花从小耳濡目染, 也对反串演小生特别拿手。
Her mother often acted______. Yang Lihua was influenced by that ever since when she was little. Therefore she is quite good at performing young male roles.
楊麗花在電視台表演時, 超過 _______的高收視率, 破了台灣電視史的收視紀錄。
杨丽花在电视台表演时, 超过_______的高收视率, 破了台湾电视史的收视纪录。
When Yang Liu was performing in the TV station, the viewing rate of over______ broke the historical record for a Taiwanese TV viewing rating.
Yang Lihua is good at _________. It is also one of the special features of Taiwanese opera.
Part IV: Extended Answers 問答題
Why is Yang Lihua very good at performing the young male gender switched roles?
How did Yang Lihua make Taiwanese Opera more well-known?
What did Yang Lihua say she learned from the plays? What did she value the most?
Use the Vocabulary and the useful expressions (一提到…就…) ; (對…拿手); (不僅…也 ) to talk about one of the following choices: